Does the chalk on the board make you feel pain? Imagine if the voice could make you panic or get angry. This is a case called misophonia. Misophonia is hatred or very dislike of certain sounds.
Causes of Misophonia
What causes misophonia? Researchers do not know what causes misophonia. There seems to be higher interference among people who also have the following conditions:
- Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)
- Anxiety disorders
- Tourette’s syndrome
This also seems to be more common in people who experience tinnitus. Tinnitus is a different disorder in which you hear sounds, like ringing in your ears, that no one else can hear.
According to Lerner, misophonia seems to be its own condition, but there must be overlapping with these other conditions. Many people who have these other things have misophonia, and the symptoms they produce are similar. For example, people who are anxious about misophonia may experience the same heart problems, sweating, and so on. From a stressful situation at home or work like hearing a certain sound. â €
While Johnson pointed out that over the years, people with misophonia were wrongly diagnosed with anxiety, phobias, and other disorders. But misophonia is a unique disorder with its own special characteristics, including the following:
- The onset of misophonia is generally before puberty, with the first symptoms occurring most often between the ages of 9-12 years
- More women than men have misophonia
- People with misophonia tend to have a higher IQ
- The initial trigger sound is usually an oral voice from a parent or family member, and new triggers emerge over time
- There may be a genetic component because it often runs in families
What happens with misophonia?
Misophonia is also known as a selective sound sensitivity syndrome, starting with a trigger. Often the voice comes from oral, sounds made when someone is eating, breathing, chewing, yawning or whistling. Sometimes repetitive small movements are the cause, when people feel uneasy or shake their legs.
If you have a mild misophonia reaction, you may feel:
- Encouragement to escape
If the misophonia response is more severe, the voice can cause:
- Emotional pressure
- The desire to kill or stop anything that makes noise
- Feathers stand up
- Suicidal thoughts
This disease can paralyze your social life. You might avoid restaurants or eat separately from your spouse, family, or roommate. Or worse, you can act on what you feel. You might attack people who are making sounds – either physically or verbally – crying, or running away from the situation.
Over time, you may respond to visual triggers, too. Seeing someone getting ready to eat or putting something in their mouth might make you uncomfortable.
Symptoms of Misophonia
The main characteristics of misophonia are extreme reactions, such as anger or aggression, to people who make certain sounds. The strength of the reaction and how an individual responds to conditions vary greatly. Some people may experience irritation and irritation, while others may become angry.
Both men and women can develop misophonia at any age, although people usually begin to show symptoms in their late childhood or early adolescence.
For many people, their first episode of misophonia is triggered by one particular sound, but additional sounds can carry responses over time. People with misophonia realize that their reaction to excessive sounds, and the intensity of their feelings can make them think they are losing control.
Research has identified responses, here are symptoms of misophonia:
- Irritation turns into anger
- Disgust turned into anger
- Be verbally aggressive to people who make noise
- Increasingly aggressive physically with objects, because of noise
- Physically hitting the person making noise
- Take action to dodge around the person who makes the trigger sound
Some people with this kind of sound sensitivity may begin to imitate sounds that trigger their aggressive angry reactions. Simply thinking about dealing with sounds that trigger misophonia can make people feel stressed and uncomfortable. In general, they may have more symptoms of anxiety, depression, and neurosis than others.
In addition to emotional responses, research has found that individuals with misophonia generally experience a number of physical reactions, including:
- Pressure throughout the body, especially the chest
- Muscle firmness
- Increased blood pressure
- Heart rate is faster
- Increased body temperature
One study found that 52.4 percent of participants with misophonia could also be diagnosed with obsessive-compulsive personality disorder (OCPD).
How to get this disease?
This condition occurs for life, usually starting between the ages of 9-13 years and is more common in girls. This disease comes suddenly, but is not related to any event.
Doctors are not sure what causes misophonia, but not your ears that are problematic. Doctors suspect this is a combination of mental and physical problems. This can be related to how sound affects your brain and triggers an automatic response in your body.
Because your ears and hearing are normal, doctors can have problems with diagnosis. Misophonia is sometimes mistakenly diagnosed as an anxiety or bipolar disorder or obsessive-compulsive disorder. Some doctors think that misophonia must be classified as a new disorder.
Handling of Misophonia
How to deal with misophonia? This condition does not affect everyday life, but you can learn to manage it. Many clinics offer sound therapy combined with psychological counseling. The doctor will set the background noise to counteract the sounds that trigger the misophonia condition.
You can try a device like a hearing aid that creates a sound in your ear similar to a waterfall. Other noise distracts you from triggers and reduces reactions. Other treatments include speech therapy and antidepressants.
Your lifestyle also plays a role. Get used to exercising regularly, getting plenty of sleep, and managing your stress. You can also wear earplugs or a headset to get rid of noise. Create a quiet area or a safe point in your house where there are no voices that bother you.
It is also important to seek social support, with people who also experience misophonia to share stories. You can also find these groups in online and social media where people share strategies to overcome this misophonia condition.