Eczema Disease – Causes, Symptoms & Treatment


Eczema is a type of skin disease in the form of a very itchy rash. No one wants to experience eczema. This eczema skin disease can make the daily activities of the sufferer disrupted because they have to constantly scratch the skin or choose to resist the itching which is very torturous. It is true, eczema is a skin condition that causes itching, dryness and redness.

Although not contagious, this disorder causes discomfort in the affected part of the skin. For information, eczema can also occur in all parts of the body. Of course this is very annoying because all day long you have to resist the itching and itching does not go away even if you have taken a bath or cleaned yourself.

Symptoms of Eczema

Symptoms of eczema are itching of the skin, dryness, chronic thickening, and usually in the hands, neck, face and feet. Sometimes itching can appear even before there is a rash. Itching in eczema is the most painful symptom because it does not go away.

At first, the rash will turn red then it will turn brown. Blisters can occur when the rash is infected. After watering, the blisters will turn into scabs and skin peels. Meanwhile, eczema that occurs in children usually occurs in the inner knees, wrists and elbows.

Broadly speaking, the symptoms of eczema are:

  • There is a rash that has no clear cause and has a family history of eczema or asthma.
  • Inflammation does not improve with treatment with emollient lotions and creams.
  • There is a light brown crust or festering blisters on the skin that are eczema. This shows an infection that causes eczema in the form of bacteria that must be treated with antibiotics.
  • If you are affected by eczema from people with skin diseases caused by viruses such as herpes.
  • If then fluid-filled herpes like blisters in the area of ​​eczema it is likely to be eczema herpeticum, a rare but potentially serious complication caused by the herpes simplex virus.

Diagnosis of Eczema Disease

You certainly already know what eczema is. To diagnose dry eczema or dry eczema, the doctor will first discuss the symptoms and history of family disease. In addition, doctors will also ask about other conditions related to medical allergies such as asthma, biduren, food allergies, etc.

After that, the doctor will usually do an allergy test to find out what triggers or irritants should be avoided later so that the wet eczema or dry eczema that is suffered does not reappear after recovery.

For severe cases of skin disease, doctors will usually recommend ways to treat eczema such as ultraviolet phototherapy and suppress the immune system such as cyclosporine. Another alternative that can be chosen is the method of treatment for eczema using psychodermatology, which is a new branch of science in dermatology as an alternative approach to skin diseases using psychological techniques such as relaxation and hypnosis.

Dry eczema

Dry eczema is a type of eczema that is often experienced by children. This type of skin disease causes the skin to feel dry, itchy, red rashes, and skin inflammation. Although it tends to occur in children, dry eczema can also affect adults.

Symptoms of dry eczema include: the skin is thickened, broken, dry and scaly; excessive itching at night; skin like blisters.

How to treat eczema – What is eczema medicine?

How to treat eczema is done by healing with basic therapy first. Use of moisturizers (eczema creams, lotions or ointments) can help maintain the skin’s natural moisture. This eczema moisturizer or ointment is very effective when used after bathing or at least once every day.

Usually, your doctor will recommend giving hydrocortisone cream (weak potential corticosteroid) in mild cases other than eczema ointment. This eczema drug can be found at the pharmacy. In addition, doctors can also prescribe strong potential corticosteroid creams when eczema becomes severe.

Other types of eczema drugs that are usually recommended are drugs called topical immunomodulators. This eczema drug is believed to help control inflammation and reduce the immune system’s reaction when applied to the skin. Examples are pimecrolimus and tacrolimus . These drugs are considered effective equivalent to topical corticosteroids.

Even so, pimecrolimus or tacrolimus is not recommended as a mild eczema drug or as a first-line treatment for eczema of any severity. Your cholesterol and Tacrolimus are only recommended as an option for second-line treatment and only for people over the age of 20.

If the previous eczema drug does not make the skin better, the doctor may prescribe oral corticosteroid medication. This eczema drug must be taken carefully and must use a doctor’s prescription. If this method does not reduce itching, it looks like you should check the condition with a dermatologist.

Here are some additional tips for controlling and treating eczema skin diseases:

  • Avoid wearing tight clothes.
  • Wear gloves at night to minimize damage to the skin from the nails.
  • Avoid sweating or exercising during a recurrence.
  • If the causative agent of eczema cannot be removed or identified, the next step is to reduce the allergic inflammatory response.
  • Apply a mild potential steroid cream (hydrocortisone), along with an anti-itch lotion (such as caladine). This cream can reduce annoying eczema symptoms.
  • Clean the area with hypoallergenic soap every day and give emollients after bathing.
  • Avoid physical and mental stress so as not to trigger an infection that causes eczema.
  • Do not heat or cool the skin excessively.
  • Eat nutritious foods and maintain good sleep quality to prevent recurrence of eczema.
  • Be aware of foods and allergens that can trigger eczema recurrence
  • Avoid scratching the skin excessively because it can cause injury or irritation.